Chair: Hideki Aita (Health Sciences University of Hokkaido)
Retentive forces and displacement of stress breaking attachment for implant over denture
Daisuke Ozawa1, Yasunori Suzuki2, Hidekazu Osada1, Kentaro Kono1 , Chikahiro Ohkubo1
1Department of Removable Prosthodontics, 2Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Implantlogy,
Tsurumi University School of Dental Medicine.
Numerous studies with reliable results on attachment systems for implant overdentures in the mandible and maxilla have been published. Most attachments allow for rotational change but cannot compensate for vertical displacement under functional forces. This study evaluated the retentive forces and displacement of stress-breaking attachments after repeated loads.
Six types of stress-breaking attachments, namely, a self-adjustment type magnet attachment, a cushion type magnet attachment, a locator attachment, and three types of SBB (Stress-Breaking Ball) attachments, were placed on the implants. To simulate the chewing cycles, a load of 5 kgf was repeatedly applied up to 50,000 using a loading apparatus. The retentive force was measured by tensile test. The vertical displacement of each female was measured under 5 kgf. These measurements were repeated for 10,000 cycles. The mean values were analyzed using 1-way ANOVA followed by the Tukeyfs test at a significance level of ¿=0.05.
There were no significant differences of the retentive forces of both magnet and SBB attachments before and after loading (p>0.05).
The vertical displacement of the magnet and SBB attachments showed a slight decrease after loading. On other hand, Locator attachment had no vertical displacement, and cushion type magnet attachment showed significant decrease (p>0.05).